Ratanakiri is located in Cambodia’s far northeast bordered by Laos to the north, Vietnam to the east, Mondulkiri to the south, and Stung Treng to the west. Ratanakiri is a rural mountainous province, 70% of the population belong to an ethnic minority, who are known as “Chunchiet”.
The word “Ratanakiri” itself is a combination of two Cambodian words, which are combined to mean “place of gems and mountains.” The word comes from the Sanskrit words Ratna (gem) and kiri (mountain).
The capital, Banlung, is located in the central highlands of the province, approximately 365 miles (586 kilometres) from Phnom Penh. The centre of the town features a lively market brimming with locally produced products and crafts.
Lomphat is a small town in the southern plains, which was once the former capital of Ratanakiri. There are a few other small towns worth visiting such as Ta Veng and Voen Sai where you can meet ethnic groups and prolific wildlife.
The majority of the inhabitants of Ratanakiri are indigenous minorities, however, ethnic Cambodians make up only 15-20% of the country’s total population. On the sight of an extinct volcano near to Banlung is a crystal-clear lake that was formed after the active volcano went dormant.
There are also a few ancient lava fields that testify to the fact that the area was volcanically active in the past. Stunning waterfalls, clear rivers meandering through pristine jungle and beautiful hills that meet mountains near the Vietnamese and Lao border provide many attractions for nature lovers.
Torch Tours offers sustainable, non-structured, low-impact, custom trips to outlying villages and natural areas. This area hasn’t been exposed to many tourists so if you visit the hill tribe people in the more remote areas don’t be surprised if they look fascinated to see you.
Yeak Laom Volcano Lake
This beautiful place is not far from town and is great for a swim, picnic, or hike around the crater rim of the old volcano. Due to the lake’s tremendous depth of 48 meters, its water is exceptionally clean and crystal clear. The lake is almost perfectly round and measures around 750 meters in diameter. It has a small informative local museum thrown in to boot. In 1995 the governor of Ratanakiri officially set aside a 5,000-hectare (12,350-acre) protected area, of which the lake is a part, and in 1996 got help from the International Development and Research Centre of Canada and the United Nations Development Program to develop an effective resource management program.
This area represents Cambodia’s finest attempt at preserving a site. Full-time rangers work to ensure the area is protected. They receive regular training and have put up signs throughout the area reminding people not too littler, wash clothes or toilet in the lake. That’s amazing for Cambodia. The main swimming and picnic area feature a nice wood deck that’s great to use for a jump into the crystal clean water.
Nearby, park rangers erected a couple of examples of hill tribe construction in the form of a non-politically correct bride and groom homes, where the man gets the elevated home (his status in the relationship) and the woman has the one nearer to the ground.
A few hundred meters down is the Cultural and Environmental Centre, which has information about area history and displays of local hill tribe tools and handiwork. They also sell some of the handicrafts made by the hill tribes: musical instruments, beaded belts, shirts, and hats. From the centre, you can take a nature trail around the entire crater rim. King Sihanouk had a chalet built on the shores of the lake and used it during the 1960s. It was destroyed in the 1970 war between the Lon Nol government and Khmer Rouge guerrillas.
You can still see the remnants of this and also-indifferent spots around the lake-trenches that held gun emplacements during the fighting. The original inhabitants of the area are the Khmer Leu hill tribe people, who have always recognized the lake as a sacred place, home to the spirits of the land, water, and forest. Here those spirits interact with humans and, according to the local legend of Yeak Laom Lake, fabulous, spiritual aquatic beings reside here.
The surrounding forests of the area are also said to be the home of spirits and therefore can’t be cut. This helps to explain why the hill tribe people took so strongly to the idea of protecting the area. It’s very easy to get there – just go east from the Independence Monument circle 3 km to the Hill Tribe Monument circle (two indigenous figures) and go right for about 1,5 km to the entrance gate. The local hill tribe community connected to the lake get to collect an entrance fee, giving them a source of income and revenue for protecting their resource. It?s US$1 per person and a few hundred riels for a motorcycle.